M u s e u m  C r e a t e d  L e s s o n

Gold & Technology

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Art Gallery of Nova Scotia, Halifax, Nova Scotia

Early Gold Mining Technology
1. Imagine it is 1885 and you have just heard that new and richer gold deposits have been discovered in Nova Scotia. You decide to go and try your luck. Make a list of the tools, machinery, and supplies that you would need to pack for your expedition. Explain your choices.
Introduction
Art Gallery of Nova Scotia, Dian Day, Susan Sellers, Rita Wilson
© 2013, Art Gallery of Nova Scotia. All Rights Reserved.
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Learning Object Collection: Gold in Nova Scotia
Learning Object: Mining Technology
Henry N. Reeves
Photograph of miner Henry Reeves examining a piece of quartz with a gold pan in his lap.
Henry N. Reeves, typical old general miner at Oldham, 1912. Reeves has a gold pan in his lap and is examining a piece of quartz for gold.

E. R. Faribault, Geological Survey of Canada




© 2013, Geological Survey of Canada. All Rights Reserved.
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Learning Object Collection: Gold in Nova Scotia
Learning Object: Mining Technology
Gold Panning
Art Gallery of Nova Scotia, Dian Day, Susan Sellers, Rita Wilson
© 2013, Art Gallery of Nova Scotia. All Rights Reserved.
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Learning Object Collection: Gold in Nova Scotia
Learning Object: Mining Technology
Sluice Boxes
Art Gallery of Nova Scotia, Dian Day, Susan Sellers, Rita Wilson
© 2013, Art Gallery of Nova Scotia. All Rights Reserved.
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Learning Object Collection: Gold in Nova Scotia
Learning Object: Mining Technology
Goldwashing near Lunenburg
Hand-coloured print of Goldwashing in Lunenburg, 1861.
A hand-coloured wood engraving of "Goldwashing near Lunenburg", published in the "Illustrated London News", October 5, 1861. Based on a drawing by Captain Campbell Hardy. In 1861, 150 individuals secured several prospecting claims on a beach at the base of a large cliff at The Ovens, just outside the town of Lunenburg. Captain Campbell Hardy explained to The Illustrated London News readers that "This golden harvest, easily reached with the usual appliances of cradles, tubs, and tin washers."

Captain Campbell Hardy, Unknown
Hand coloured wood engraving on paper
16.0 x 24.0 cm
1995.452

© 2013, Art Gallery of Nova Scotia. All Rights Reserved.
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Learning Object Collection: Gold in Nova Scotia
Learning Object: Mining Technology
Cradles or Rocker Boxes
Art Gallery of Nova Scotia, Dian Day, Susan Sellers, Rita Wilson
© 2013, Art Gallery of Nova Scotia. All Rights Reserved.
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Learning Object Collection: Gold in Nova Scotia
Learning Object: Mining Technology
Arrastre
Illustration of what an arrastre looks like.
An arrastre was a simple machine, powered by animals or motors, designed to speed up the crushing of quartz ore. The ore was placed in the bottom of the arrastre over which were placed large rocks. The rocks were ground over the ore, crushing it and releasing the gold.

Andrew Hebda, Nova Scotia Museum.




© 2013, Art Gallery of Nova Scotia. All Rights Reserved.
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Learning Object Collection: Gold in Nova Scotia
Learning Object: Mining Technology
Arrastres
Art Gallery of Nova Scotia, Dian Day, Susan Sellers, Rita Wilson
© 2013, Art Gallery of Nova Scotia. All Rights Reserved.
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Learning Object Collection: Gold in Nova Scotia
Learning Object: Mining Technology
Chilean Mill
Art Gallery of Nova Scotia, Dian Day, Susan Sellers, Rita Wilson
© 2013, Art Gallery of Nova Scotia. All Rights Reserved.
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Learning Object Collection: Gold in Nova Scotia
Learning Object: Mining Technology
Cleaning the Plates of a Stamp Mill
Black and white photograph showing a man cleaning the plate amalgamator of a stamp mill.
Cleaning up the 20 stamp mill, Salmon River (Dufferin) Gold District, 1893.

E. R. Faribault, Geological Survey of Canada




© 2013, Geological Survey of Canada. All Rights Reserved.
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Learning Object Collection: Gold in Nova Scotia
Learning Object: Mining Technology
Stamp Mills
Art Gallery of Nova Scotia, Dian Day, Susan Sellers, Rita Wilson
© 2013, Art Gallery of Nova Scotia. All Rights Reserved.
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Learning Object Collection: Gold in Nova Scotia
Learning Object: Mining Technology
Amalgamation
Art Gallery of Nova Scotia, Dian Day, Susan Sellers, Rita Wilson
© 2013, Art Gallery of Nova Scotia. All Rights Reserved.
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Learning Object Collection: Gold in Nova Scotia
Learning Object: Mining Technology
Acadian Sporting Powder
Photograph of a red metal can with a hunting scene motif.
Acadia Powder Company of Waverley produced gunpowder, which was used to blast apart rock, speeding up the mining process. The powder was also used for hunting, which explains the motif on this can.

Photograph by Roger Lloyd.




© 2013, Nova Scotia Museum. All Rights Reserved.
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Learning Object Collection: Gold in Nova Scotia
Learning Object: Mining Technology
Drilling and Blasting
Art Gallery of Nova Scotia, Dian Day, Susan Sellers, Rita Wilson
© 2013, Art Gallery of Nova Scotia. All Rights Reserved.
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Learning Object Collection: Gold in Nova Scotia
Learning Object: Mining Technology
Dominion Mine
Photograph of two miners with an ore cart in the Dominion Mine.
Loading a skip at the 225 ft. level of the Dominion Mine, Waverley.

N.S. Department of Natural Resources Historical Mine Photo Collection




© 2013, Nova Scotia Department of Natural Resources. All Rights Reserved.
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Learning Object Collection: Gold in Nova Scotia
Learning Object: Mining Technology
Moving Rock
Art Gallery of Nova Scotia, Dian Day, Susan Sellers, Rita Wilson
© 2013, Art Gallery of Nova Scotia. All Rights Reserved.
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Learning Object Collection: Gold in Nova Scotia
Learning Object: Mining Technology
Gold in Today's Technology
2. List 10 modern-day uses of gold that you didn’t know about before. Choose one and write a short essay on how gold’s unique properties are essential for that particular purpose.
Technological Uses of Gold Today
Art Gallery of Nova Scotia, Dian Day, Susan Sellers, Rita Wilson
© 2013, Art Gallery of Nova Scotia. All Rights Reserved.
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Learning Object Collection: Gold in Nova Scotia
Learning Object: Mining Technology
Gold Mining Technology
3. Research aspects of mining that make it difficult and dangerous. Imagine a new machine or technological development that would make gold mining easier and safer. How would it work?
There’s Still Gold in Nova Scotia
Art Gallery of Nova Scotia, Dian Day, Susan Sellers, Rita Wilson
© 2013, Art Gallery of Nova Scotia. All Rights Reserved.
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Learning Object Collection: Gold in Nova Scotia
Learning Object: Mining Technology

Learning Objectives

1. Demonstrate an understanding of the past and how it affects the present and future.
(Social Studies, Grades 7-12)

2. Demonstrate an understanding of interdependent relationship among individuals, society, and the environment and the implications for a sustainable future.
(Social Studies, Grades 7-12)

3. Demonstrate an understanding of the nature of and relationships between science and technology, and of the social and environmental contexts.
(Science, Grade 7-12)