The Fuel of the Future: Situation

Oil is the world’s most commonly used source of energy, fuelling almost every car on the planet. Burning oil releases carbon emissions into our atmosphere, and these emissions are changing the world's climate. Oil is also a source of many global conflicts.

The oil party is coming to an end. It is predicted that worldwide oil reserves will be empty in as little as 20 to 40 years. But the world's population will still need energy. In fact, the world’s demand for energy will double by 2050 because of population growth and the industrialization of developing countries. This will put great pressure on both the production and distribution of energy.

Oil is also a source of conflict between nations. As supplies decrease and nations become more desperate for oil, tensions will only grow.

Renewable energy sources are necessary if we are to provide energy for the world and move away from the most polluting era in our history.

One of the largest causes of pollution is the car. There are more cars on the road today than ever before. There are an estimated 500 million vehicles being driven today – that’s more than six times as many as in 1950. Every year millions of cars and trucks are built and added to our roads. Cars run on gasoline – or petroleum – that is made from oil. Every day, these petroleum-burning vehicles produce tons of greenhouse gases as well as gases that harm the ozone layer – the part of the earth's atmosphere that protects us from the sun's harmful radiation.
Canadian Heritage Information Network
Bruce Mau Design, Institute Without Boudaries

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